Skip to main content

Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation

The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.

One major research area concerns the effects of self-confrontation on information processing within the individual. The techniques used are CCTV and video-recording. The publications display classical treatments of measurement, highly developed and sophisticated statistical analysis and representation of the experimental outcomes. In a further step, an interactive behaviour simulator has been modelled and applied, where experimental subjects give suggestions for action based on conceived consequences. Both approaches are inquiring into the importance of self-assessment in the individual development of a behaviour strategy.

Another area concerns the way in which behavioural researchers perceive and cognise the research process, especially in the stage of problem formulation and information search. Several publications deal with problems of dissemination and search for scientific information and have resulted in the proposal of an intermediate language structure with the aim of processing highly abstracted information. With the understanding of how to build a machine that in an algorithmic way can respond to cognitive functions, the development of methods and models for computer-based discourse analyses has been experimentally tested.

The orientation towards the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom implies a connection to current trends in the study of complex systems, non-linear dynamics and self-organisation, emphasizing “knowability”. The publications within this area reflect a focus on textual pattern dynamics as outcome of a subtle interplay between intention and orientation, for which the schema approach provides the proper foundation. It has been shown that the [AaO] units are embedding structurally a text producer’s point of observation (intention) as well as his point of view (orientation). The experience is that natural language must be treated as a system that contains its own coordinates. Text develops evolutionary and therefore it reflects the individual’s development and growth.

A number of studies have been concentrated on “text building behaviour” in natural settings. The hypothesis is that individual development is manifested in a writing style, which is conceived as expression of consciousness. Hence, consciousness may as well be studied in historical contexts, of which this collection gives examples. This research has shown that the angular articulation of some word models and their geometric description carry more ecological validity than can be reflected through classical approaches.

Bernhard Bierschenk

Inger Bierschenk



255
RESULTS
rss


PART OF
Additional Collections
Media Type
255
texts
Topics & Subjects
14
AaO system
14
structure
11
competence
11
consciousness
10
experiment
10
self-confrontation
More right-solid
Collection
255
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
8
fatonixs Favorites
1
yunushin Favorites
1
zhrckr Favorites
Creator
115
bernhard bierschenk
69
inger bierschenk
24
bernhard bierschenk & inger bierschenk
8
inger bierschenk & bernhard bierschenk
4
ole elstrup rasmussen
3
gunlög frost
More right-solid
Language
160
English
69
Swedish
20
German
2
Danish
1
French
1
Italian
More right-solid
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 1,380
favorite 0
comment 0
This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince. Thus, the research question is whether Lagerkvist, accordingly,...
Topics: duality, mentality, holophor, language space, perspective transformation, fiction, The Dwarf, Pär...
This report presents and motivates the theoretical frame of reference and choice of research strategies and methods in a project on research planning. It contains (1) a theoretical model and (2) empirical data concerning the initial phase of the research process. A model, based on principles of general systems theory and a psychology of information, is described and the design of an interview study and its realization is reported. Problems of data processing and data analysis are discussed. A...
Topics: research problems, structuring, perception evaluation, policy, descriptive statistics, general...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk &Jan Mattsson
texts
eye 607
favorite 0
comment 0
Modern behavioural research focuses on the possibility of a direct measurement of value preferences. These are conceived as important casual variables of behaviour. The article presents a method and a procedure for the measurement and representation of human value factors. By means of Perspective Text Analysis mental processes of workers from Sweden, England, West Germany, Italy and the United States were captured and topographically represented elsewhere. In this study, the mental processes...
Topics: axiology, Perspective Text Analysis, value types, Hartman, reference order, multinational company,...
This monograph contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, who have participated in a self-confrontation experiment. The measurement scale: Assessment and Evaluation Schedule, has been especially devised for this experiment. The report includes a discussion of validity and reliability problems. The self-assessment data have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in 3 steps: (1) analysis of the structure of the F-tests, (2)...
Topics: Self-confrontation, teacher, training, experiment, micro-lesson, self-assessment, Anova
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 524
favorite 0
comment 0
This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince. Thus, the research question is whether Lagerkvist, accordingly,...
Topics: mentality, duality, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), holophors, language space, perspective...
This report contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, partly as a result of repeated self-confrontation experiences during a confrontation experiment, partly as a result of reassessments six weeks respectively two years after they had participated in the self-confrontation experiment. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlation analyses. Also assessments obtained from pedagogical experts have been used as a...
Topics: re-assessment, self-confrontation, microteaching, CCTV-experiment, videorecording, educational...
This report contains (1) a discussion of general methodological problems in content analyses, (2) a description of the applied content analysis technique, (3) an estimation of the agreement of judges in determining and extracting the basic units of the analysis and (4) an estimation of the coder agreement in coding these units. The coding rules and the preliminary version of the category system are given in appendices.
Topics: verbal data, coder agreement, classification, instructions, coding system
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 395
favorite 0
comment 0
The report presents a descriptive study of the educational system in Sweden with special emphasis on the upper level of the comprehensive school. An attempt is made to survey the goals and the realisation of the goals in the practical school situation. Thereby, the focus has been directed upon the attempts being made to adapt the school to the demands of a quickly developing modern society.
Topics: comprehensive school, reform, goals, teaching examples, educational content
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 375
favorite 0
comment 0
Practicable methods for a thorough, reliable and valid analysis of content are fundamental for the behavioural scientist who is working with sets of verbal data. This report presents principles and methodological suggestions of data collections and data analyses. Problems of reliability and validity are discussed in connection with given examples. Methods and techniques for computer-based content analyses are also introduced. Finally some international trends in the methodological development...
Topics: concept, formation, psycho-linguistics, scaling, description, statistics, regression, verbal data
The purpose of this report has been to describe in detail eighteen tests of a battery of personality tests , administered in a self-confrontation  experiment. The results indicate that in general personality variables , especially those mirroring an interest in one’s self, play a major roll in perception and evaluation of one’s own teaching.
Topics: self-confrontation, experiment, personality tests, multivariate analysis, self-interest
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: scaling, Osgood, semantic differentials, regression, panel, similarity analysis
This report describes a Swedish contribution to computer-based content analysis research. The method is compared to international conventions regarding the treatment of text for computer-based analysis. An account is given of how a dictionary can be built up  on the basis of the Swedish language. The coding of the text is based on a theory about thought structures and the report describes the way in which this theory can be converted into a system for coding concepts and relations. The system...
Topics: computer-based content analysis, cognitive models, conceptual dependency theory, coding system,...
An attempt to modify perception and evaluation of student teachers with the aid of self-confrontation mediated with video recordings on one hand and conventional tutoring on the other is the subject of this report. Background to the experiment, a detailed description of the layout and a presentation of the measuring instruments are given together with evaluation of the internal and external validity of the taken approach. The report provides basic data for the doctoral thesis...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, tutoring, cctv, micro-lessons, video-recording, experimental...
1. A model of analysis is introduced and behavioural science is delimitated using scales of definitions. Various steering factors in science are discussed. Special attention is directed to the steering power of the scientific language 2. The development of school-system and special education are analysed in relation to two traditions of culture: the scientific-mercantile and the humanistic-romantic traditions. Four different periods in the development of special education are distinguished. 3....
Topics: behaviour models, research process, steering, scientific language, cultural traditions, personality...
This report contains a description of a technique for a computer-based content analysis of interview text . Some steps in the development of a rule system for coding are reported. The evaluation of a preliminary system of rules is described and evaluation data are presented. Furthermore is integrated an extensive control of punching and punch cards for the purpose of attaining a perfect material. The presentation of the work, carried out so far, is pre­ceded by a linguistic discussion.
Topics: computer-based content analysis, coding rules, reliability tests, linguistic models
This report gives a description of the steps in an analysis of the dimensionality in interview texts. By means of cluster analysis techniques the interview materials have been condensed. Based on the results derived from several clusters a discrimination analysis has been carried out. In the final discussion the results are related to (1) the psycholinguistic model and (2) the model of the research process, which have guided this research.
Topics: cluster, probability, group, assignment, discrimination, dendrogram
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 303
favorite 0
comment 0
This article presents an ecological theory of language and text. It is assumed that the development of language and the production of text are perspective creating activities. A perspective is formed when the material and the immaterial dimension of a text meet. This process can be discovered through a formal mechanism, of which the core component is the Agent. By means of examples from historical times some facts and circumstances are discussed, which support the idea that an Agent, that is,...
Topics: text, geometry, energy, landscapes, fusion, dynamics, flow, Kantian, AaO system, 3D, language,...
The report is a bibliographic account concerning television as a technical aid in education and in pedagogical and psychological research. The main stress in this bibliography lies on English and German dissertations from the period 1962-1969. To some extent other published materials in the English language are also included.
Topics: television, technical aid, bibliographic data, subject index, name index
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 285
favorite 0
comment 0
The report presents a descriptive study of the educational system in Sweden with special emphasis on the upper level of the comprehensive school. An attempt is made to survey the goals and the realisation of the goals in the practical school situation. Thereby, the focus has been directed upon the attempts being made to adapt the school to the demands of a quickly developing modern society.
Topics: school reform, descriptive study, comprehensive school, Sweden, comparative eduction, curriculum,...
In this investigation, the influence of self-confrontation on the behaviour while explaining reasoning problems is analysed with the aid of several parameters of verbal behaviour. The behavioural change of persons with the opportunity to come to an understanding of their own behaviour by means of video recordings is compared with the behavioural change of persons without self-confrontation. Moreover, the explanatory behaviour  in general and the change of the explanatory behaviour after...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, kommunication, regression analysis, personality variables,...
This report, based on an interview study,  presents the views of forty researchers at departments of education on the scien­tific process. The technique used in this investigation is impressionistic , and the analysis includes: motivation, information search, relationships, influences on project plan, interest spheres, personal situation, program budgeting and practical problems, frame of reference, suggested projects and methodology.
Topics: content analysis, education researchers, search strategies, steering strategies, random sample,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 275
favorite 0
comment 0
This report gives an account of some problems, connected with factor analytic data processing. The presentation is of a non-technical kind and concentrated on the description of data processing on several levels. Furthermore, the features of the models of analysis are described, however without an attempt to provide a more systematic and complete presentation. For a more thorough study, the complexity of the subject would require a type of disposition provided in Child, D. (1970). The...
Topics: theoretical constructions, data levels, multiple classifications, samples, error analysis, error...
In a research project on search and steering strategies in educational and psychological research planning,  interviews with researchers working in departments of educational and psychological research are being analysed. The present report deals with the first step in developing a computer-based content analysis control of inter-coder agreement in syntactic-concept based coding of interview materials. The report discusses the actual inter-coder agreement and pro­poses directions for further...
Topics: content analysis, reliability testing, coder agreement, interview data
Title in English: “Studies in student teachers’ language use in teaching situations”. Subtitle: “Experiments in analyzing stereotypic expressions by three different measures”. When student teachers by videotape technology have been confronted with their own teaching at two teaching sessions to assess their language use, it has been shown that they have done very well in their estimation of themselves. As the “objective” measure educational experts were used. The differences in...
Topics: language use, verbal performance, experiment, educational experts, panel assessments,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 258
favorite 0
comment 0
This study is examining the mood in which young people express their sensitivity to a literary idea in writing. The context is the 19th Century Naturalism. An earlier reported study could show that persons, when confronted with evolutionary determined literary texts, are either consistent in their way of approaching those tasks during three years or are open to change. The latter strategy has been interpreted as sensitivity to instruction. In the present study, the concept of sensitivity was...
Topics: AaO axiom, text geometry, functional, PTA, textual morphogenesis, string movement, PES,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 250
favorite 0
comment 0
This report presents a comprehensive description of the computing methods used for testing ANACONDA (Analysis of Concepts by Data processing). Of special importance is the program developed for identification of words in the text with words in the dictionary. In the form of an appendix some background information to the ANACONDA method is given.
Topics: computer language, program development, word identification, matching procedure
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 247
favorite 0
comment 0
This report is based on studies of literature and the writerâs own experiences of the use of computer-based information and documentation systems. The report presents principles for the development of an interactive, self-regulating and self-controlling information and documentation system. Based on a system theoretical point of view a model for a realisation of an information and documentation system is outlined. Functional characteristics are discussed. The information searcher is placed in...
Topics: I&D-system, network, education, I&D-functions, self-regulation, self-control
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 245
favorite 1
comment 0
In a number of preceding articles having appeared in this series it has been demonstrated that the AaO paradigm can be used to develop a cognitive helical structure. The present article advances the process to the forth of five phases. Of the four dependent variables emerging at this stage, two will be discussed, namely (1) zero processing and (2) variations in form. The other two will be presented in a forthcoming article. A short introduction gives some of the basics that govern the process....
Topics: AaO paradigm, design, helix, structure, semantics, lexicon, expansion, sphere, illusion, factor,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 241
favorite 0
comment 0
Scientific communication presumes a well functioning information and documentation system. Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to inquiries. This report includes (1) a short survey of international and national documentation activities, (2) a description of rules and criteria to be used and the way these can be applied in an information retrieval system, and (3) some empirical results, identifying the needs for information and the uses...
Topics: information needs, information uses, computer-based literature search, retrieval systems
The report describes the development of an interactive be­haviour simulator, anchored in theories of behavioural science. It is based on an interaction between teacher be­haviours and video-recorded pupil reactions.  After presen­tation of a number of investigations concerning simulation  in teacher training,  a short description is given of the de­velopment of a simulator (SIR). This version has been tested on a small number of student teachers . The results of the tests and reactions...
Topics: self-confronation, interactive behaviour, simulation, behaviour theories, real-time imaging
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 232
favorite 0
comment 0
Content analysis based on frequency distributions differs from impressionistic analysis and interpretations of written or spoken text. This type of analysis is objective insofar as it requires an explicit analysis procedure and a formalised analysis. Objectification means that a person transfers certain typical human functions to objects, i.e., tools, and that machines are developed that can carry out functions that were originally subjective. In this respect the development of a Computer-based...
Topics: regression analysis, scaling, psycho-linguistics, concept formation, panel studies
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 230
favorite 0
comment 0
The present article is based on the premise that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce consciousness. Any scientific understanding must necessarily consider the need of an explanation of consciousness. Instead, the non-sense property of traditional scientific modelling appears to hide the phenomenon. In contrast, the explored hypothesis is based on the assumption that the meaningfulness of natural language is the carrier of consciousness. It is assumed that the structural...
Topics: shapes of mind, AaO-axiom, consciousness, non-linear dynamics, awareness, causal loop diagram,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 229
favorite 0
comment 0
Based on the typical tasks required in ability testing, a general conclusion drawn in the international research literature is that intelligence is not different from e.g. McClelland's achievement testing. To many psychologists this means that the concept of competence is insignificant and that intelligence as well as related aptitude tests are sufficient in the assessment of performance. Further, it is generally assumed that the intelligence quotient (IQ) constitutes a measure of cognitive...
Topics: behavioural foundation, IQ, assortive mating, filter, unfolding competence, text production,...
Within a research project on computer-based content analysis empirically specified content of nouns is assumed to come about through weighted verbs and adjectives  connected with the nouns. Based on this assumption noun clusters have been established. This study tries to find out a method for measuring the function of adverbs within the adjectival structure. It is namely possible that the weight of the respective adjectives could change in connection with modifiers in such a degree that the...
Topics: psycholinguistics, psychometrics, cluster analysis, modifiers, content analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Ole Elstrup Rasmussen & Jørgen Aage Jensen
texts
eye 227
favorite 0
comment 0
This report includes a presentation of basic theoretical and methodological assumptions for investigating the relationship between competence and qualifications by means of simulation tasks. An analysis of the types of tasks that have been used in the study of problem solving psychology serves as a background for an exposition of the relationship between competence and qualifications. The vehicle for investigating competence and qualification is the INTOPIA program, which involves a task that...
Topics: problem, solving, competence, intopia, program, pilot, study, behaviour model
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 216
favorite 0
comment 0
This report presents a system for the simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The core of this system is an action-oriented behaviour simulation. The reliability of the information mediating variables, which have been built into the system, has been calculated. These are the association, structure and process paradigms. Furthermore, some explorative results from an adaptive simulation of behaviour are given...
Topics: behaviour simulation, system analysis, event, action, mediating variables
In behavioural science research verbal expressions are analysed with various methods and techniques. However, in order to describe the relations within an entire sentence quantitatively with the aid of multivariate statistical procedures, ANACONDA has been developed. This acronym implies the notion of a method for the Analysis of Concepts by means of Data Processing. A Swedish Semantic Dictionary Base for (570) Adjectives and (880) Verbs is presented here at archive.org with the identifier...
Topics: computerized data processing, concept formation, content analysis, cognition, psychometrics,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 212
favorite 0
comment 0
On the basis of the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) paradigm, it will be shown how the transformation of a word model to a geometric space description can be made the foundation for an approach to informational invariants. In particular, the word model of a Causal Loop Diagram (CLD) has been used for simplifying the involved procedures. Since the explanation of a causal loop requires a verbal description of what is in the links, this kind of discourse is necessarily dependent on its producerâs...
Topics: AaO paradigm, perspective, text, analysis, PTA, Vertex, causal loop, diagram, CLD, word model,...
This report is an initial description and analysis of developmental trends in educational research in Sweden since 1937. The analysis is based on an attempt to give a quantitative description of accessible knowledge. The starting point is a strictly random generated sample of researchers in this field. The analysis indicates that the flow of knowledge mainly depends on a very small but highly active group of researchers.
Topics: knowledge, development, quantitative, longitudinal, empirical, I&D, psychology, bibliometrics,...
In a self-confrontation experiment, student teachers have been put through an extensive test battery containing personality tests, cognitive tests and attitude tests. In this report an analysis is presented of the influence of personality on the student teachers' perception and evaluation during confrontation with their own video-recorded micro-lessons. Using a number of multivariate models for data analysis, prediction problems and relations between the content of different groups of variables...
Topics: teacher training experiment, CCTV, muliple regression, re-assessment, longitudinal, perceptual...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Inger Bierschenk, & Agneta Sternerup-Hansson,
texts
eye 203
favorite 0
comment 0
A user-oriented coding of knowledge, which is disseminated through titles to scientific work requires information systems,which build on cognitive models . A computer program with comments  to conceptual coding of titles is presented in this report. The cognitive model, which has governed the program development, is described briefly. The functioning of the program is illustrated with some computer outputs from a data base, which is representative of Swedish educational research . 
Topics: computer linguistics, program development, pattern generation, register, information, intermediate,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 202
favorite 0
comment 0
Since the 1960's there has been increasing understanding and cooperation between the religious and the political spheres in Sweden, notably between the Church of Sweden and the Social-democratic Party. Both have been occupied with issues outside their traditional national and confessional boundaries. The question is whether and to what extent this has resulted in a “civil religion of the Swedish society ” which unites the Church and secular politics in their striving for justice and peace...
Topics: cognition, AaO system, religion, politics, ideology, strategy
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 201
favorite 0
comment 0
Within many areas and at various levels people are discussing the problem of information and information overflow, at the same time as the need of information is greater than ever before. This report presents the basis for developing a locally anchored I&D-system within a research organisation. Since the basic concept in information processing is "data", the processes or "events" governing the data flow within a research institute are discussed. It is also outlined in...
Topics: I&D-system, local communication, psycho-ecology, scientific information retrieval
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 200
favorite 0
comment 0
To enable the examination and evaluation of the quality of scientific publications and research funding, researchers should rely heavily on the principles of behavioural research for conducting and reporting empirical studies. In this report both general rules and suggested conventions have been compiled, i.e. (1) general principles for designing and evaluating behavioural research, (2) suggestions for principles to guide the researcher in preparing scientific reports for publication, and (3)...
Topics: research, behavioural, reporting, guide, preparation, design, control, criteria, writing, convention
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations...
Topics: CCTV-experiment, assessments, educational experts, self-confrontation, contrast analysis, Anova,...
Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to queries. This report contains an analysis and discussion of the applied strategy for manual and computer-based search for literature on the subject: uses of closed circuit television in the behavioural sciences. The results of the manual search have been published 1969 in the series Didakometry, No. 24, but the result of the computer-based search is presented in this report.
Topics: literature search, bibliometrics, search profiles, frequency distributions, computer-based search,...
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: micro-teaching, closed circuit television, video-recording, teacher training, self-confrontation,...
This work presents a longitudinal didactic experiment based on the idea that literature, especially fiction, can serve as a basis for developing competence. Of critical importance is the teacher’s knowledge of the variation of conceptual depth in teaching materials. Based on five empirically discovered degrees of difficulty in literary texts, examples of writers and novels suitable as teaching materials for each degree are discussed. Further, a three-year authentic program in the subject of...
Topics: competence, didactics, longitudinal, high school, training, Swedish, synthesis, literature, fiction
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 193
favorite 0
comment 0
This report contains the evaluation of an I&D system developed at the Department of Educational and Psychological Research in Malmö. The analysis concerns (1) researcherâs specification of research problems for a selective dissemination of information, (2) the efficiencies of an adaptive and self-regulating system, and (3) information behaviour, need and resources within a locally organised I&D-system. The analyses are based on observation data from one academic year. Together with...
Topics: information, need, use, behaviour, observation, communication, concept, analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 193
favorite 0
comment 0
This technical report from the I&D project summarizes studies made on a 40 years production by a sample of educational researchers in Sweden. The problem dealt with concerns quantitative distributions of the languages in which the works are written and the results of a program for automatic language separation. The separating capacity of various languages is compared with respect to bibliographic data of a scientific work. Word frequencies are discussed as to content and structure and some...
Topics: computational linguistics, computerbased lexicology, scientific information, language separation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 192
favorite 0
comment 0
In information rich societies like ours there is a demand for a steadily ongoing discussion and research of the way people in various functions develop and maintain their competence. Competence has become a word of fashion and although everybody thinks that they know what competence is, nobody can tell how it may be measured. The traditional definitions of the word rest on properties, which are equal to knowledge and qualifications. Therefore, when it comes to a measuring procedure,...
Topics: Competence, social concern, measuring learning, public sector, private sector, materials...
Three approaches towards theory building in the behavioural science are described. It is pointed out that model construction requires general theoretical concepts, which are well defined. The presentation aims to clarify what is meant by the (1) association, (2) structure, and (3) process model. The models have been the starting point for the development of a simulator of interactive behaviour (SIR).
Topics: behavioural science models, principles, clarification, concepts
The classroom behaviour of student teachers has been recorded on videotape. Educational experts have assessed these videotaped materials. This report contains a description and the conclusions reached. The assessment is analysed and discussed at the item level and at the level of the six subject-object categories constituting the Assessment and Evaluation Schedule. The observations have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in three steps: (1) analysis of the structure of...
Topics: CCTV, experiment, educational expert, assessment, Anova, precision, effect size
The report presents a research program, the purpose of which is to study (1) the development of the individual's self-cognition and competence in handling interpersonal relations, (2) the individual's sensitivity in observing the course of an event and ability to develop flexible strategies of behaviour in interactions with others. A model for the simulation of interactive behaviour is outlined. The model is based on three behavioural principles and has guided the preliminary construction of a...
Topics: behaviour simulation, model development, interaction strategies, test results
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 186
favorite 0
comment 0
This is the second article on the competence theme, which aims at demonstrating the consequences of a new educational paradigm, namely materials-directedness. By this is meant the conceptual control of the built-in disparity of educational materials. By means of a new method for structural analysis (in a biological sense), it is shown how conceptual relations and dimensions of a literary text are laid bare. The demonstration text, which is a description of the idea of behaviourism, is analysed...
Topics: structure, educational materials, behaviourism, concepts
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 186
favorite 0
comment 0
This article presents in compressed form the development of a psycho-ecological model for simulation of interpersonal relations (SIR). SIR is a method and an instrument, which permits a simulation of strat­egies of interactive behaviour. From a behavioural science point of view the method should make it possible to map mechanisms that produce and reproduce behaviour. SIR may also be used as an aid in studying how the individual's perception and evaluation steer and control behavioural changes....
Topics: behaviour theories, markov chains, closed circuit television, videorecording, event simulation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Helge Helmersson, & Bengt Lohmander
texts
eye 186
favorite 0
comment 0
Traditionally, respecting peopleâs choice is considered equal with respecting people. Founded on the premise of choice, elaborated and hierarchically organized organisations have been built up to guarantee growth of living standard for securing quality of life. This article reports on a study, which questions the adequacy of this premise. Three models of feasible societies have been used to study the way in which people prefer one or the other with respect to how uncertain or certain they are...
Topics: Swedish model, projected societies, Latin-square, canonical discriminant analysis, discriminant...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 182
favorite 0
comment 0
The dictionary base is representing Swedish adjectives and verbs which were assessed of a sample of 40 randomly selected individuals, drawn from a population of 132 researchers, working in the fields of educational and psychological research. Further, the presented source materials are based on a sample of 600 pages of running text drawn from the 4000 pages of the collected interviews. This base provides a new way of building up concepts and conceptual relations. Finally, all units were scaled...
Topics: Multidimensional scaling, Osgood, psychometrics, content analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 181
favorite 0
comment 0
The present work is based on the Kantian (AaO) axiom and conceptualised as a textbook. As scientific in the true sense of the notion science, the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA) represents a completely new approach to text-based studies. The inter-lingual character of Vertex has been tested and established in the context of six different languages, four belonging to the German family and two to the Roman family. The actual presentation concerns the Swedish version. Vertex...
Topics: functional text geometry, energy landscapes, perspective text analysis (PTA), Kantian AaO-axiom,...
This report contains a summarised description of the experimental design, results and implications of separately published analyses. The aim of the investigation has been to study the effects of traditional tutoring and self-confrontation via closed circuit television and video-recording on student teachers' self-assessment. In addition, the report contains recommendations for further research and for further analyses of data already collected.
Topics: teacher training, micro-lessons, CCTV, videotape, experiment
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 180
favorite 0
comment 0
The present report is about the fourth experiment in a series of five. This series concerns a longitudinal study of changing shapes of mind. Based on the assumption that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions, mental development is discoverable through the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) mechanisms. The present study is focussing on the way in which the evolutionnary process of text production portrays the system of thought that holds that human...
Topics: PTA, AaO model, non-linear, language mechanics, learning strategy, competence, consciousness,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 180
favorite 0
comment 0
The purpose of the discussion in this article is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis”. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The cue component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has developed as a...
Topics: language evolution, AaO-axiom, consciousness, language model, perspective control, Kantian schema,...
This report describes the development and application of the idea of microteaching in research and education. It presents a cybernetic model for a systematic and controlled study of the way in which the individual makes use of different feedback devices for self-control and self-direction. The model is applied in an examination of an extremely comprehensive collection of research literature. The result of the investigation is studied with regard to its significance for a person's ability to...
Topics: cybernetic model, microsettings, experiments, teacher education
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Nicoletta Caramelli & Angela Montanari
texts
eye 178
favorite 0
comment 0
This research aims at showing that children shift their interpretation of the same metaphor according to the social role respectively of the speaker and the addressee of the sentence, to the degree of lexicalisation of the metaphor, and to their age. We chose the simplest type of metaphorical sentence , i. e., the ‘nominal’ one in the form 'X is a B', where X was a proper name and be an animal term. The twelve animal terms used produced six lexicalised and six new metaphors. Every metaphor...
Topics: cognition, metaphor, story, perception, statistics
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 177
favorite 0
comment 0
This experiment starts with the assumption that the struc­ture and representation of scientific information should correspond to the cognitive structure assumed to exist in both user and producer of information. The model of in­vestigation of cognitive representation is based on overt manifestations of concepts and conceptual relations as they emerge in the abstract language of titles of scienti­fic documents. These are based on a randomly collected sample of forty social science researchers...
Topics: computational linguistics, cognitive science, information processing, information science,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
eye 175
favorite 0
comment 0
This seminar paper contains a short principled discussion of the use of prepositions in the interaction of language with information science models. The point of departure is the problems of ambiguity identified in various computer-based approaches to the specification of information. The paper ends up in a proposal for ecological thinking in text analyses where the concept of action range should have the cue function. Examples are taken from the context of the Visual Cliff experiments. The...
Topics: preposition, cognition, element, information, organization, language, ecology
This report contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, who have participated in a self-confrontation experiment. The measurement scale: Assessment and Evaluation Schedule, has been especially devised for this experiment. The report includes a discussion of validity and reliability problems. The self-assessment data have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in 3 steps: (1) analysis of the structure of the F-tests, (2)...
Topics: self-assessment, self-confrontation, traditional tutoring, contrast analysis, Anova, precision...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 171
favorite 0
comment 0
The purpose of the discussion in this introductory chapter is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The fundamental component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has...
Topics: cognition, AaO system, intention, morality, agent, control, mentality
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 169
favorite 0
comment 0
The present work is based on the Kantian (AaO)-axiom and conceptualised as textbook. As scientific method in the true sense of the notion science, the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis represents a completely new approach to text-based studies. The core of Vertex is introduced by means of instructions to a stepwise procedure. The steps are richly illustrated. The inter-lingual character of Vertex has been tested and established in the context of six different languages, four belonging...
Topics: perspective text analysis (PTA), functional text geometry, Kantian AaO-axiom, language space, flow...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 169
favorite 0
comment 0
The present chapter is written mainly as a tutorial for those researchers who try to get out something essential from peoplesâ way of reasoning and behaving and who suppose that this is expressed in their spoken and written language. Fundamental to the method presented here is that it gives a synthesis of the perspective that a text producer gives to a text in the moment of its evolvement. Since a perspective cannot be developed within single clauses and sentences but in the co-operation...
Topics: text concept, agent function, text depth, perspective borders, graphical sentence, functional...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Helge Helmersson
texts
eye 168
favorite 0
comment 0
This article presents an attempt to construct a knowledge model on the basis of' the use of a computer-based planning model. The precision and analysis of different knowledge generation processes are made with reference to the school environment. The basic unit of analysis is a “timetable unit” defined within the timetable as a number of combina­tions of subject-teacher-class-room. The timetable unit is conceptualised as a unity, while the relations between the components are used for a...
Topics: frames, timetable, planning, school, computer-based
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
texts
eye 168
favorite 0
comment 0
The theoretical assumption put forward in the present paper is that text is a natural phenomenon, whose development is governed by inner dynamics, as regular as regards any living system. This dynamics becomes acces­sible through the language mechanism. Through language an individual forms his inner mental space into a textual representation. On the surface, because of writing conventions, the text is linearly pro­gressing. Its inner dynamics thus outlined cannot be mea­sured by ordinary...
Topics: AaO model, information flow, Italian, functional clause, viscal, elastic, linear relations topology
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Curt Dahlgren
texts
eye 166
favorite 0
comment 0
This article is a presentation of a new method for analysing texts: Perspective Text Analysis. The text is used to illustrate this method and also the results of it I have produced myself. The advantages of the Perspective Text Analysis are discussed in comparison with more traditional methods for content analysis. One of these advantages is the ability of the presented method to specify the objects connected to each agent through an action in text. Through cluster analysis this method can show...
Topics: AaO system, agent perspective, religion, discourse
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
texts
eye 166
favorite 0
comment 0
Consciousness, in the beginning of its scientific use, was considered to be material, i.e., to represent an attribute of substance or matter. During later periods, it was associated with learning processes. Based on questionnaires and interviews, a number of different definitions have made its learned content dependent on statistical measures of what people consciously know. However, statically and without a proper time-scale, it is impossible to identify causal links to the biological...
Topics: functional text geometry, real time imaging, AaO-axiom, perspective text analysis (PTA), textual...
This report presents the development of a classification schedule  to be used in the behaviour simulator SIR (simulation of interpersonal relations). The schedule is based on measures proposed by student teachers  for the solution of teacher-pupil problems in the simulator. Essential components have been extracted from the alternatives as a basis for categorisation. The next step is division into time phases , i.e. the initial, orientation, exploration, adjustment, activity and final phases....
Topics: self-confrontation, action proposal, interactive behaviour, simulation